Global warming has become a serious issue in the world; the threat to nature and human elements has made it a significant topic attracting global attention. Global warming is the long-term rise in the average temperature of the earth’s climate system. Global warming is a major aspect of climate change which has been demonstrated by analysis of temperature and various effects of warming. The terms global warming and climate change are often used interchangeably. However, global warming is mainly human-caused increase in global surface temperatures and its projected continuation, but climate change includes both global warming and its effects, such as changes in precipitation, i.e., rain, snow, hail, etc. The literal and direct implication of global warming is the increase in global temperature.
There are effects following global warming such as ice melting, rising sea level, rising temperature, wildlife migration, increasing precipitation and increase in the budding of pests. These effects are adversely affecting the sustainability of the global ecosystem.
Rise in sea level: Increase in the height and depth of the sea is to the disadvantage of the real estate industry. This affects the moisture content of lands. When there is an increase in the moisture content of soil, the soil becomes weak; building on weak soil is not good practice. The foundation is built on the soil and its competence is determined by the strength of the soil. Foundation carries the absolute weight of the super-structure; hence it is required to be competent and strong to bear it. With rising sea levels, the future of foundations is either going to be more expensive in the case of deep type of foundation or weak.
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Increase in precipitation: Global warming implicates an increase in temperature. Precipitations are moisture elements falling from the sky, they are rain, snow, sleet, hails, etc. Rain occurs when there is evaporation of water and eventually falls as rain at heavy cloud. Evaporation is hence faster in the presence of high temperature. With global warming in place, the process of precipitation is up in scale due to absolute global high temperature. The same principle for rain applies to other forms of precipitation. An increase in precipitation, however, increases the moisture content of soil and causes flooding in building structure. Consistence flooding weakens the competence of building and may cause a collapse.
Increase in heat on construction: This effect is impactful at the execution stage of construction where mortars mixing for building work are done. Unless the masonry unit is located in a mild and cool environment, the setting time for mortar is reduced due to the rapid evaporation of moisture content in the mortar. Mortars are meant to bond bricks together, in the case of the early setting of the mortar. In this event, the bond strength between the bricks and the mortar decreases leading to leaks in the structure.
Increase of heat on cost: Cost increment comes in at the stage of construction, internally and externally. Construction of a competent foundation in the case of weak soil, extra overhead in manning a masonry unit to avoid loss of water in mortar and cost on ventilation appliances are also extra overhead incurred by global warming.
Natural disaster: The National Geographic (https://on.natgeo.com/2rIbTCt) has listed hurricanes and other storms among the adverse effect of global warming. Hurricane is a disaster that causes loss and damages to the environment. Buildings and structures are damaged or utterly consumed in the event of the hurricane.
The attending effects of global warming are prevalent and will be on an increase with time. The real estate industry hence needs to reinforce the structural system to withstand the effects of global warming.