The real estate industry has been striving in an optimal capacity to provide structural facilities in meeting the demand of the growing population of Nigeria. Considering the direct and indirect impact of structure development on humans, the quality of such development is unarguable.
This pursuit has birthed professional who have dedicated their intellectual skill into bridging the gap of quality service delivery in the industry. Also in the vein of quality delivery, division of responsibility has paved way for specialization in the wide and promising industry of real estate. The advent of technology has accelerated growth and development in the industry, providing tools and medium to enhance qualitative and quantitative outputs in the industry.
However, drawbacks have attended to the industry in different ways. The most crucial and obvious way is the incessant record of collapsed building. 33 building collapse was recorded in 2012, 17 buildings in 2013 and 13 buildings in 2014 at Lagos. Also in Abuja, 22, 20 and 2 buildings were recorded to have collapsed in 2012, 2013 and 2014 respectively (https://bit.ly/2TSed6l). It is an unprecedented occurrence which sees properties worth fortunes sinking down the earth.
The reason for this unplanned loss of properties and life in the hand of faulted building construction are not far- fetched.
Unprofessionalism: The use of unqualified project team is a major cause of substandard buildings. Project owner boycott professionals to cut cost. Defaulting standard of building later has a nasty ripple effect on the structure. Building standards are to be adhere to in order to satisfy the structural requisite of a standard building. Mistakes and alterations are bound to happen at the hands of unqualified project team which is risky to the life span of the building.
Inadequate foundation: The foundation of a building holds the load of the structure. When a foundation is faulty, collapse is inevitable. More concentration and monitoring should be placed on erecting the foundation. A bad foundation with standard materials is still a futile venture. Foundation is a critical and fragile part of building, hence its demand for high level of technicality.
Strengths of materials: Construction materials are the cells of building. They determine the constituent and durability of the building. Substandard material is an investment for failure in the long run. Mechanical strength and quality of materials used at every stage of construction needs to be scrutinized. This is necessary to predict the reaction of the material to various load. Each material should undergo engineering test for proper confirmation of its suitability.
Unplanned load: There is a planned load a building is designed to hold. Sometimes, building carries more load than planned. Human activities are unpredictable, hence, there may be activities or unusual load causes stresses on the building. These stresses exceed the strength of the building thereby causing a breakdown.
Natural disaster: This is the only unpredictable and uncontrollable cause of building failure and collapse. These disasters are caused by change in stresses in the earth; earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, tsunamis and volcanic eruption induces stress that causes gravity subsidence of building.
However, all of these causes can be avoided with the exception of natural disaster. A project team with professional members will provide quality structure. Albeit, a project team is incomplete without a project monitor specialist/agent. A project monitoring firm like Luvanex build monitor and checkmate project execution process. Conclusively, the future of a building is dependent on the project team.